How to Set up a RAID on your PC

This how to covers how I set up RAID 0 on my PC.  There are literally dozens and dozens of ways to set up a RAID system I used the default settings and showed the most basic steps. If you need extra help or more detailed info please leave comments.

This chart describes RAID Descriptions From 0 to 10

RAID Level

Min. Num of Drives

Description

Strengths

Weaknesses

RAID 0

2
Data striping without redundancy
Highest performance
No data protection; One drive fails, all data is lost

RAID 1

2
Disk mirroring
Very high performance; Very high data protection; Very minimal penalty on write performance
High redundancy cost overhead; Because all data is duplicated, twice the storage capacity is required

RAID 2

Not Used In LAN
No practical use
Previously used for RAM error environments correction (known as Hamming Code ) and in disk drives before the use of embedded error correction
No practical use; Same performance can be achieved by RAID 3 at lower cost

RAID 3

3
Byte-level data striping with dedicated parity drive
Excellent performance for large, sequential data requests
Not well-suited for transaction-oriented network applications; Single parity drive does not support multiple, simultaneous read and write requests

RAID 4

3 (not widely used
Block-level data striping with dedicated parity drive
Data striping supports multiple simultaneous read requests
Write requests suffer from same single parity-drive bottleneck as RAID 3; RAID 5 offers equal data protection and better performance at same cost

RAID 5

3
Block-level data striping with distributed parity
Best cost/performance for transaction-oriented networks; Very high performance, very high data protection; Supports multiple simultaneous reads and writes; Can also be optimized for large, sequential requests
Write performance is slower than RAID 0 or RAID 1

RAID 10

4
Combination of RAID 0 (data striping) and RAID 1 (mirroring)
Highest performance, highest data protection (can tolerate multiple drive failures)
High redundancy cost overhead; Because all data is duplicated, twice the storage capacity is required; Requires minimum of four drives
The yellow cable is used to connect serial devices most ofter SATA Hard Drives the black plug provides power.
The yellow cable is used to connect serial devices most often SATA Hard Drives the black plug provides power.

 

This is a hard drive. You will need a minimum of 2 for a RAID 0 set up. Make sure the 2 hard drives you use have the same storage capacity.
This is a hard drive. You will need a minimum of 2 for a RAID 0 set up. Make sure the 2 hard drives you use have the same storage capacity.

 

Its obvious not everyone will have the same bios or bios version but you must have a RAID controller and it must be enable in the bios. USE OPTION RAID. This is picture example 1 Its obvious not everyone will have the same bios or bios version but you must have a RAID controller and it must be enabled in the bios. This is picture example 2

Ok this next step can get tricky and difficult. For this part of the process we have to actually create the RAID array. That means we have to use the RAID controller that you just enabled to create the RAID array which we will use to install an operating system. On all systems you must hit a certain combination of keys to get into the RAID set up screen.  FIRST  I will show you picture examples of how your raid configuration setup might look like.

Depending on you SATA controller card this screen will look different.
Depending on you SATA controller card this screen will look different.
Depending on you SATA controller card this screen will look different.

 

The following pictures will show you how I got to my SATA config screen.

This is how I enter my SATA config screen. I have to hit CTRL + F
This are the options my SATA config program gives me.  I had to hit option 2 to continue
This is the options my SATA config program gives me. I had to hit option 2 to continue

raidsetup2

 This screen will show all your SATA hard drives. From here you can select which ones you want to use in your array and what kind of raid you want to set up I already did this process but this shows you’re the options I chose. I used the default options.

 

This is what shows up after I created my array
This is what shows up after I created my array

 

AFTER creating the array now you can install your operating system. I re installed windows 7 extreme 64 bit. I ran into this issue.

You are going to need the SATA drivers for this windows install. You will find them on the driver disc that came with your motherboard.

 

you can insert the DVD with the drivers or copy the drivers to a USB jump drive. Then find the path to those drivers so you can continue with your windows install.

 

As I mentioned before you can set up RAID in different ways with many options to choose from. If you need help leave me a comment. If you need more detail leave me a comment 🙂